1. 您現在的位置:首頁 >考研 > 歷年試題 > 模擬題 >

        【2022考研英語二沖刺模擬】考研英語閱讀模擬試題練習2(附答案詳解)

        2021-06-09 16:57:17| 來源:安徽中公教育

        Text 2

        The problem of plastic pollution has gotten dramatically worse as production has surged without much thought to what happens once it is discarded. Bans on single­use plastic such as bags and straws have become a popular policy around the world to rein in plastic use. Although some of these rules have reduced waste in places, they do not directly address production and can send users to alternatives that are not much friendlier to the environment.

        Researchers have learned enough about the flow of plastic waste to know it poses a widespread environmental problem. Plastic causes physical harm to animals and could combine with other threats to endanger vulnerable species. There is also concern about humans inhaling and ingesting microplastic. We must do a better job of stanching the flood. Doing that means tackling two broad goals: considerably reducing the amount of plastic we produce and improving the recycling and reuse of what we make.

        The U.S. must be a bigger part of these solutions. Blame is too often laid solely at the feet of rapidly developing Asian countries that lack robust waste­management systems, and we forget the role that the U.S. plays not only in producing plastic but by exporting millions of tons of the waste to Asia. With the U.S. local authorities responsible for an overwhelmed recycling system turning to landfills and incinerators, those options can have other environmental impacts and perpetuate the creation of virgin plastic from fossil fuels. Only 9 percent of plastic in the U.S. is now recycled, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

        Federal and state governments should step up to help streamline and shore up the nation’s disjointed recycling system. Many researchers also say plastic product manufacturers need to be pushed beyond their present voluntary commitments to reduce plastic waste with incentives that will make them bear more of the cost of that waste. Countries are looking at such “extended producer responsibility” programs, which can include taxes on new products that do not have a certain percentage of recycled plastic, along with having producers pay toward the costs of collecting and recycling their products.

        Each policy has its proponents and detractors, and it is ultimately up to lawmakers to decide which ones make the most scientific, economic and political sense. In the U.S., Congress has already shown it is willing to step in, with the 2015 Microbead­Free Waters Act that banned these extremely small materials in personal care products. However, what we need are comprehensive solutions, not just Band­Aids that cover up the symptoms but ignore the roots of the plastic problem.

        26. One flaw of the bans on single-use plastic is that .

        [A] they are restricted to specific countries

        [B] they can’t solve plastic pollution at its source

        [C] they expose users to an unfriendly environment

        [D] they only regulate the use of bags and straws

        27. According to researchers, plastic is harmful because .

        [A] it may threaten the life of some species

        [B] it will cause digestive problems for people

        [C] it’s hard for humans to take in microplastic

        [D] it can bring about severe flood disasters

        28. The U.S. must take more responsibility for the plastic problem due to .

        [A] lack of strong waste-disposal systems

        [B] its wrong options on fossil fuels

        [C] incompetence in recycling plastics

        [D] its irresponsible regulatory agencies

        29. What is true of the “extended producer responsibility” programs?

        [A] They are targeted at increasing national tax revenue.

        [B] They push manufacturers to reduce plastic wastes.

        [C] They prohibit the production of plastic products.

        [D] They are voluntarily carried out by plastic producers.

        30. Which of the following would be the best title of the text?

        [A] Cancel Bans on Single-use Plastics

        [B] Blame the U.S. for Plastics Pollution

        [C] Find Band-Aids on Plastics Pollution

        [D] Address the Plastic Problem at Its Roots

        1 2 3

         注:本站稿件未經許可不得轉載,轉載請保留出處及源文件地址。
        (責任編輯:安徽中公-MZ)
        關鍵詞閱讀 模擬試題 考研 英語

        免責聲明:本站所提供試題均來源于網友提供或網絡搜集,由本站編輯整理,僅供個人研究、交流學習使用,不涉及商業盈利目的。如涉及版權問題,請聯系本站管理員予以更改或刪除。

        微信公眾號
        微博二維碼
        咨詢電話(8:30-21:00)

        400 6300 999

        在線客服 點擊咨詢

        投訴建議:400 6300 999轉4

        王中王资料大全枓大全特,王中王鉄算盘开奖结果118jie,管家婆期期准免费资料精选狗蛋图,香港王中王493333开奖结果,4887管家婆结果开奖结果小说-www.ahcjxy.com
        香港最准内部免费公开 香港最准内部免费资料下载 六肖中特期期准100 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 香港4887最快开奖结果现场直播 香港最准内部资料 香港内部马料2021全部资料 ww777766香港开奖结果 管家婆白小姐四肖必选2021年 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 35图库香港三五图库最快报码 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 4887管家婆料开奖结果查询 六肖中特期期准100 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 管家婆白小姐四肖精选期期准630 澳门最准一肖一持100 王中王最快开奖王中王 84|995澳门论坛资料大全一 2021香港一肖中特期期准 香港最准内部免费公开 香港最准内部免费资料下载 六肖中特期期准100 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 香港4887最快开奖结果现场直播 香港最准内部资料 香港内部马料2021全部资料 ww777766香港开奖结果 管家婆白小姐四肖必选2021年 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 35图库香港三五图库最快报码 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 4887管家婆料开奖结果查询 六肖中特期期准100 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 管家婆白小姐四肖精选期期准630 澳门最准一肖一持100 王中王最快开奖王中王 84|995澳门论坛资料大全一 2021香港一肖中特期期准 香港最准内部免费公开 香港最准内部免费资料下载 六肖中特期期准100 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 香港4887最快开奖结果现场直播 香港最准内部资料 香港内部马料2021全部资料 ww777766香港开奖结果 管家婆白小姐四肖必选2021年 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 35图库香港三五图库最快报码 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 4887管家婆料开奖结果查询 六肖中特期期准100 2021年香港最准内部免费资料 管家婆白小姐四肖精选期期准630 澳门最准一肖一持100 王中王最快开奖王中王 84|995澳门论坛资料大全一 2021香港一肖中特期期准